Birth Control Pills - A Triviality
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Family planning is taken very seriously these days and it should be because of the increasing population. The young couple these days are very careful before getting pregnant, they think about everything before conceiving. Developed and developing countries both have taken measured steps to reduce the unwanted pregnancies. Therefore these days the contraceptive are used in abundance but women still are confused about the contraceptive pills and types. This article is all about pregnancy control pills.
Past of pregnancy control pills
1955 was the year of evolution for birth control pills. As scientists introduced many contraceptives like condoms, sponges, creams, copper-t, diaphragms etc. Therefore when scientists introduced a progestin rich pill that can prevent pregnancy and not hinder any sexual experience, people started using it. But it became more beneficial when estrogen was combined to progestin. So it was latter said that estrogen and progestin was the main components of birth control pills.
Given the demand from people all around the world, contraceptive pills were produced in large amounts and were also divided in several categories suiting the person at its own accord or advised by the doctor.
Also known as POP – progestogen only pill, are the only pills that don’t have estrogen in it just progestogen. They are mainly produced in view of side-effects of estrogen in the combined pills. Pop is started after 21 days of delivering the baby or in case of abortion it can be started as soon as possible. It is well suited for breast-feeding mothers, also it doesn’t have the side-effects that usually accompany the combined pills.
- Combined pills
Combined pills have both estrogen and progestogen. These are the most used birth control pills. It contains 28 pills to be taken daily for a month. They have no side-effects on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism therefore they can be given to patients with diabetes and without increasing any risk to myocardial infarct.
- Post coital pills
They are also known as emergency contraceptive. As it is usually taken after an intercourse therefore they are considered emergency because of unprotected intercourse. It contains 2 tablets with high levels of combined pills taken within 72hour of having unprotected sex followed by another tablet in a 12 hour interval.
- Phased regimen pills
It was used for females above the age of 35 years. But it is not used now.
Wattage over other contraceptives
As it has less failure rate than any other birth control method. Also the side-effects are less compared to others which suited the women.
- Mood swings
- Weight gain
If the patient has any kidney, liver, or gynaecological problems, please consult your doctor before started any contraceptive pills.
Pills for men
They are not as popular as female pills because of less effectiveness and acceptance. Gossypol is the name of the contraceptive pills available for males. Research is going on for pills that may be available for males in future.
Are the Male Birth Control Pills Worth the Price?
In the 2nd conference “Future of Male Contraception” conducted on September 28, 2007 in Seattle and it was sponsored by National Institute of Health, WHO (World Health Organization) along with other organizations. There were several recent male contraceptive concepts that seemed to be affordable to those who are attending. Out of these possibilities, 3 of them really did well to achieve the title of future male contraceptive products. Now arises the big question- are they worth it? Obviously, the answer is yet not known, as the birth control pills have been examined on animals, but out of all 3 that are mentioned, it seems that there is no side effect on those tested.
The male contraceptive pills would permit the enhanced pleasure in contrast to condoms and is also a great substitute for those couples where the female can’t consume the pill due to unpleasant and adverse side effects.
The 1st kind of male birth control pill is considerably equal to vasectomy. This instrument is named as a sperm-blocker. In this procedure, instead of slicing the Vas deferens, the tube is plugged itself. The ‘plugging’ of vas deferens tube thus stops the sperm flow and yet protects the vas deferens from becoming completely useless. This instrument is still under research to observe whether a male gets back to the standard sexual function after the removal of the plugs or not.
The upcoming promising concept is that a no-hormone drug known as CDB-4022. The sperm is prevented from reaching its last destination with the help of CDB-4022. Although this medicine has not been examined on any human beings, it has been functioning efficiently on monkeys on which a test was conducted by making use of CDB-4022. It has been verified by these tests that after the dosage of pill are stopped in the test subjects, within sixteen weeks their fertility had recovered. Of course it is not very quick, but for few people it is the most preferred option for birth control.
The 3rd concept of oral contraceptive pills seems to be a pill which is probably more hormonal. The name of this pill is ‘selective androgen receptor modulator,’ or SARM, and is recently being examined on human beings for other diseases like osteoporosis and muscle degeneration treatment.
These 3 latest possibilities appear to be appropriate substitutes to conventional methods like the typical vasectomy. These medications may provide some strong competition to those non-reversible birth control methods efficiently, particularly while comparing it to the latest ‘plugs’ that are at present under development and which block the sperm. Not every man is interested in these novel processes. But there are various men out there who wish to search for more methods for their contraceptive requirements. While most of the recent birth control methods can either be completely life-changing after all or be very restricted ‘feeling wise’, these novel concepts will permit several men to seek permanent birth controls without having to face the loss of any part of their body.
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Researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine may be one step closer to understanding why past oral contraceptive use dramatically lowers the risk of ovarian and uterine cancers later in life. While studying the effect of post-menopausal dietary soy consumption on estrogen metabolism in cynomolgus monkeys, Latanya M. Scott, Ph.D., discovered that monkeys
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