Topical microbicide protects against genital herpes

A topical microbicide that silences two genes can safely protect against genital herpes infection for as long as one week, according to a joint study by researchers at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and Harvard Medical School. The study, carried out in mice and published today in Cell Host & Microbe [...]

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Socially excluded people may act aggresively toward others

People who feel socially rejected are more likely to see others’ actions as hostile and are more likely to behave in hurtful ways toward people they have never even met, according to a new study. The findings may help explain why social exclusion is often linked to aggression - which sometimes boils over dramatically, as [...]

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Body weight shown to affect a child’s self-esteem

It’s well known that within the adult population body weight and self esteem are very much inter related. But until now, the same wasn’t known about children’s healthy body weight and its relationship with a positive self-image. Paul Veugelers has changed that. The University of Alberta researcher recently surveyed nearly 5,000 Grade 5 students in [...]

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Lou Gehrig’s disease in humans has genetic links to degenerative myelopathy in dogs

An incurable, paralyzing disease in humans is now genetically linked to a similar disease in dogs. Researchers from the University of Missouri and the Broad Institute have found that the genetic mutation responsible for degenerative myelopathy (DM) in dogs is the same mutation that causes amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the human disease also known as [...]

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Protease inhibitor found to aid diabetic retinopathy treatment

Researchers from Joslin Diabetes Center, Boston, and ActiveSite Pharmaceuticals, Inc., San Francisco, announced today that they have demonstrated that a specific inhibitor of the protease plasma kallikrein, ASP-440, developed by ActiveSite Pharmaceuticals, may provide a new therapeutic approach for treatment of diabetic retinopathy, the most common eye-related complication of diabetes. The study, which was partly [...]

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Loss of sex drive after menopause affects health, quality of life

Women with low levels of sexual desire, often as a result of menopause, are more likely to be depressed and to suffer physical symptoms such as back pain and memory problems than women who report higher levels of desire, according to a new study by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill [...]

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Physicians counsel their overweight type 2 diabetes patients to lose weight - many not listening

Physicians say they are counseling their overweight type 2 diabetes patients to lose weight, but patients say that the message is not getting through, according to a new survey announced today by the Behavioral Diabetes Institute. Eight in 10 physicians surveyed said that they discuss weight issues with their patients every/almost every visit, yet half [...]

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Too much weight loss can be a bad thing

Doctors are not doing enough to pick up on problems with excessive weight loss, says a Saint Louis University physician who helped draft recent guidelines to diagnose the condition called “cachexia” (kuh-kex-ee-uh). “In sick people, weight loss is an important indicator of disease and potentially impending death,” said John Morley, M.D., an endocrinologist and director [...]

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Magnesium sulphate protects babies against cerebral palsy

Giving pregnant mothers magnesium sulphate when they are at risk of very preterm birth can help protect their babies from cerebral palsy, according to an international review of research involving the University of Adelaide, Australia. The findings of this review - published today on the international research website The Cochrane Library - could help decrease [...]

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More scientific evidence supporting Darwinian views of evolution

Studies at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine on brain electrical signaling offer a fresh perspective on vertebrate evolution, provide additional evidence supporting Darwinian views of evolution, and may also lead to more effective treatment of epileptic seizures in infants. Researchers discovered how evolutionary changes produced a series of improvements in molecules generating electrical [...]

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