People who are socially active have lower risk for dementia
Sanofi-aventis has announced results of a randomized phase III study presented at the 50th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology. The study in adult patients with hematological malignancies at high or potential risk for tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) demonstrated that Elitek(R) (rasburicase) significantly reduced plasma uric acid (PUA) levels compared to allopurinol
Full Post: Trial shows Elitek significantly reduces plasma uric acid levels versus Allopurinol in adults with hematologic cancers at risk for tumor Lysis syndrome
A new study shows that people who are socially active and not easily stressed may be less likely to develop dementia.
The research is published in the January 20, 2009, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
The study involves 506 older people who did not have dementia when first examined. The group was given questionnaires about their personality traits and lifestyle. The personality questions identified people with different degrees of neuroticism, a term meaning easily distressed. The questions also measured extraversion, or openness to talking to people. Those who were not easily distressed were calm and self-satisfied, whereas people who were easily distressed were emotionally unstable, negative and nervous. Outgoing people scored high on the extraversion scale and were socially active and optimistic compared to people with low extraversion who were reserved and introspective.
The lifestyle questionnaire determined how often each person regularly participated in leisure or organizational activities and the richness of their social network. Participants were followed for six years. During that time, 144 developed dementia.
The study found that people who were not socially active but calm and relaxed had a 50 percent lower risk of developing dementia compared with people who were isolated and prone to distress. The dementia risk was also 50 percent lower for people who were outgoing and calm compared to those who were outgoing and prone to distress.
“In the past, studies have shown that chronic distress can affect parts of the brain, such as the hippocampus, possibly leading to dementia, but our findings suggest that having a calm and outgoing personality in combination with a socially active lifestyle may decrease the risk of developing dementia even further,” says study author Hui-Xin Wang, PhD, with the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden.
“The good news is, lifestyle factors can be modified as opposed to genetic factors which cannot be controlled. But these are early results, so how exactly mental attitude influences risk for dementia is not clear,” said Wang.
Midlife coffee drinking can decrease the risk of dementia/Alzheimer’s disease (AD) later in life. This conclusion is made in a Finnish Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia (CAIDE) Study published in the January 2009 issue of the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease (Volume 16:1). This study has been conducted at the University of Kuopio, Finland in
Full Post: Midlife caffeine intake lowers risk of late-life dementia
People with a stable psychosocial life situation often delay in seeking help for their alcohol problems - even though they are serious. This is revealed in a new thesis from the University of Gothenburg. Working actively to intervene at an early stage in order to prevent alcohol problems and to thereby promote public health is
Full Post: Socially stable individuals delay seeking help for alcohol problems
Scientists say sarcasm, sometimes referred to as the lowest form of wit, might be a useful tool in diagnosing a certain type of dementia. The researchers from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) say patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) or Pick’s disease, have trouble reading emotions and are often unable to sense when someone
Full Post: Sarcasm - a diagnostic tool for dementia
Patients with dementia and diabetes appear to display a different pattern of injuries in their brains than patients with dementia but without diabetes, according to an article posted online today that will appear in the March print issue of Archives of Neurology. “The association between diabetes mellitus and increased risk for dementia in the elderly
Full Post: Diabetes associated with different types of brain injury in patients with dementia
High caffeine consumption could be linked to a greater tendency to hallucinate, a new research study suggests. People with a higher caffeine intake, from sources such as coffee, tea and caffeinated energy drinks, are more likely to report hallucinatory experiences such as hearing voices and seeing things that are not there, according to the Durham
Full Post: High caffeine consumption linked to hallucinations