Discovery of new bartonella species that infects humans
For patients with an uncommon condition causing a swollen appearance of the lower face, treatment with botulinum toxin type A (Botox) provides an effective alternative to plastic surgery, according to a study in the November Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. Dr. Gianpaolo Tartaro and colleagues of Seconda Universit?egli Studi di Napoli, Italy, report on the use
Full Post: Botulinum toxin used to treat patients with masseteric muscle hypertrophy
Researchers at North Carolina State University and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have produced the first link between a species of bacteria most commonly found in sheep and human illness.
Dr. Edward Breitschwerdt, professor of internal medicine at NC State’s College of Veterinary Medicine, and NC State colleague Dr. Ricardo Maggi isolated the bacterium Bartonella melophagi from samples of human blood.
B. melophagi is such a newly discovered member of the genus Bartonella it is considered a “Candidatus” species, meaning that its name has yet to be formally accepted. In nature, sheep are the most likely hosts for B. melophagi and transmission among sheep is thought to occur via a wingless fly known as a ked. The route(s) of transmission to humans is unknown.
Their results are published in the January edition of Emerging Infectious Diseases.
The blood samples Breitschwerdt and Maggi tested came from previously healthy women who were suffering from symptoms including muscle fatigue and weakness. One of the patients had been diagnosed with pericarditis, an inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart. B. melophagi was present in blood samples from both women; Bartonella henselae, a strain of the bacterium which has been associated with human neurological illnesses and fatigue, was isolated from one of the samples.
The research marks the first time that this particular strain of Bartonella has been cultured from human blood and associated with human illness.
“Over the past decade, there has been a rapid expansion in the number of Bartonella species that are documented human pathogens,” Breitschwerdt says. “From this preliminary data, it looks as though we may be able to add another species to that list.”
“A small number of Bartonella in the bloodstream can cause infection, and this fact, coupled with the large variety of transmission routes by which people can become infected, make the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of the illnesses caused by this bacteria a real challenge,” Maggi adds. “I think it’s critical that we discover more about how this bacteria infects people, and how Bartonella infection relates to the subsequent development of progressive illnesses in humans.”
Scientists have discovered a new way for bacteria to transfer toxic genes to unrelated bacterial species, a finding that raises the unsettling possibility that bacterial swapping of toxins and other disease-aiding factors may be more common than previously imagined. In a laboratory experiment, the scientists from NYU School of Medicine discovered that Staphylococcus aureus, a
Full Post: Discovery of new way for bacteria to transfer toxic genes to unrelated bacterial species
Researchers from the National Institutes of Health and the Scripps Research Institute have found novel prion infectivity in white and brown fat tissues of mice. The study appears December 5 in the open-access journal PLoS Pathogens. Prion diseases, also known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, are infectious progressive fatal neurodegenerative diseases which affect humans as well
Full Post: Discovery of novel prion infectivity in white and brown fat tissues of mice
A new species of bacterium that causes leprosy has been identified through intensive genetic analysis of a pair of lethal infections, a research team reports in the December issue of the American Journal of Clinical Pathology. All cases of leprosy, an ancient disease that still maims and kills in the developing world, previously had been
Full Post: Discovery of new species of bacterium that causes leprosy
A virus that causes cold-like symptoms in humans originated in birds and may have crossed the species barrier around 200 years ago, according to an article published in the December issue of the Journal of General Virology. Scientists hope their findings will help us understand how potentially deadly viruses emerge in humans. “Human metapneumovirus may
Full Post: Common cold virus originated in birds
Australian researchers say the days of the Dengue spreading mozzie could be numbered and the news could not have come at a better time. The researchers from the University of Queensland, Brisbane, using funds provided by the American billionaire Bill Gates and his wife Melinda, have made a breakthrough which could put a stop to
Full Post: Days could be numbered for Dengue spreading mozzies!