Home visits lower likelihood of low birth weight babies
ISTA Pharmaceuticals, Inc. has announced results from the Company’s recently completed Phase III clinical program of Xibrom (0.09% bromfenac sodium ophthalmic solution) QD (once-daily). The program enrolled 282 patients who underwent cataract surgery in two U.S. multi-center, randomized, double-masked, parallel-group, vehicle-controlled studies to evaluate Xibrom 0.09% dosed once daily to vehicle (placebo). The identical trials
Full Post: ISTA Pharmaceuticals announces trial results for topical Xibrom 0.09%
Socially disadvantaged mothers who receive home visits from trained community visitors are less likely to deliver low birth weight babies than other mothers in similar circumstances, a new study finds.
Moreover, the earlier that visits occur in a women’s pregnancy, the greater the reduction. These results held true even after researchers adjusted for factors such as smoking.
“This type of service holds promise for reducing low birth weight deliveries among at-risk women and adolescents,” said lead study author Eunju Lee, an assistant research professor at the State University of New York at Albany.
The study appears in the February 2009 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Low birth weight babies - those less than 5.5 pounds - face significant disadvantages compared to heavier babies. Past research shows they are at higher risk for poor health and slow development, and even early death. They are also twice as likely to end up in foster care or to suffer abuse.
The new study included 500 women, two-thirds of whom were African-American or Hispanic and 90 percent of whom were unmarried. All underwent screening for poverty, teen pregnancy and the risk of child abuse. Roughly, half of the participants received biweekly home visits through the Healthy Families New York programs.
Each home visitor - who shared the same cultural background as participants they visited - first underwent intensive training by Healthy Families America staff.
The visitor helped the participant to (1) improve the level of support from her family; (2) learn about healthy prenatal behavior by providing appropriate information on nutrition, smoking, alcohol and drugs and (3) establish links with a health care provider. If necessary, the visitor also facilitated the women’s access to food stamps and other services.
The percentage of LBW babies for the home-visited mothers in the study essentially met Healthy People 2010’s goal of reducing prevalence to 5 percent. Of mothers who received home visits, 5.1 percent had low birth weight babies, while the rate for unvisited mothers was 9.8 percent.
Carolina Reyes, executive director of the LA Best Babies Network, said that home visitation can be empowering for a mother and can improve her ability to be more engaged in her care. Reyes said this study is consistent with others demonstrating that an intensive, personalized home visitation program improves birth outcomes and could have a long-lasting effect on mother and child.
The latest report from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare - Australia’s Mothers and Babies 2006 - says that women are waiting longer to start a family. According to the report the average age of mothers giving birth in Australia is just under 30 years of age, and the average age of first-time mothers
Full Post: Women waiting longer to start a family
New research has revealed that women with a history of serious mental illness are much more likely to have babies that are stillborn or die within the first month of life. The researchers from the Centre for Women’s Mental Health at Manchester University say the risk of stillbirth and newborn deaths from any cause, was
Full Post: History of serious mental illness linked to stillborn babies
A review of previously published studies suggests that rates of adverse outcomes for mothers or pregnant women and newborn babies, such as gestational diabetes and low birth weight, may be lower after bariatric surgery compared with pregnant women who are obese, according to an article in the November 19 issue of JAMA, the Journal of
Full Post: Risk of maternal and newborn complications may be lower after bariatric surgery
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded nearly $3 million to support Rush University Medical Center’s study analyzing how human breast milk impacts the health outcomes and health care cost savings for very low birth weight infants - babies less than 1500 grams. The grant will enable researchers at Rush to conduct a five-year study
Full Post: Study to examine how breastfeeding impacts cost of healthcare for very low birth weight babies
Health visitors can be trained to identify women with postnatal depression and offer effective treatment, while telephone peer support (mother to mother) may halve the risk of developing postnatal depression, suggests research published on bmj.com. About 13% of women experience postnatal depression in the year following the birth of their child. But postnatal depression is
Full Post: Postnatal depression can be effectively treated and possibly prevented