Racial convergence in cigarette use from adolescence to the mid-thirties
Each year thousands of patients undergo total hip replacement surgery in order to help alleviate pain associated with debilitating hip disease and other related hip problems. According to a new study published in the January 2009 issue of The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, while many successful, long-term results have been documented, limited information
Full Post: Total hip replacement surgery
African-Americans are much less likely to smoke than whites are during their teens.
However, a new study finds that most of this advantage disappears by mid-adulthood.
“There is a puzzle here in that usually the health disadvantages in African-Americans show up early in life and get worse as they get older,” says Fred Pampel, Ph.D., a sociology professor at the University of Colorado at Boulder. “For cigarette smoking, African-Americans tend to act in a more healthy way during their teens, but that advantage goes away by middle age.”
The study appears in the December issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior . Pampel used data from two surveys to make his conclusions.
The National Youth Survey followed the same group of people between ages 12 to 18 in 1977 for 15 years through 1992. The National Health Interview Survey questioned different samples of people 18 and older for 30 years ending in 2006. Pampel looked at groups of white and black teens to see how their cigarette smoking patterns changed as they aged.
“The analysis found that this change is indeed real,” said Pampel, and “the disappearance at older ages of the African-American advantage during the teens is more apparent among younger generations than older ones.
“The narrowing differential appears to result from the greater resources that are available to whites than African-Americans. Resources such as higher income, more education, better access to medical care and greater use of nicotine replacement products help whites quit at a faster rate,” Pampel said.
C. Tracy Orleans, Ph.D., of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, said the study did not factor in possible socio-demographic differences in exposure to higher tobacco prices and taxes, which “deter youth onset and promote quitting, especially among low-income smokers, and protection by worksite and comprehensive smoke-free airs laws, which affect adult cessation more than youth initiation.”
Gary Giovino, Ph.D., at the University at Buffalo, State University of New York, does not necessarily agree with the study’s conclusions.
“I have seen the substantially reduced smoking prevalence among African-American adolescents carry over to young adults aged 30 to 34 years, suggesting greater progress and resilience than is indicated by this article,” Giovino said.
The Journal of Health and Social Behavior is the quarterly journal of the American Sociological Association. Contact Jackie Cooper, Media Relations Officer, at (202) 247-9871 or j firstname.lastname@example.org
Pampel FC. Racial convergence in cigarette use from adolescence to the mid-thirties. J Health Soc Behav 49(4), 2008.
When asked by health care professionals about their health, older African-American adults consistently report poorer health than whites of the same age do - even if both groups are functioning extremely well, a new study finds. “Asking how a person would rate his or her health remains one of the simplest tools that a health
Full Post: Racial differences in self-rated health at similar levels of physical functioning
There are signs that the ongoing decline in teen marijuana use in recent years has stalled; however the downward trend in cigarette and alcohol use continues, according to the 2008 Monitoring the Future (MTF) Survey. Results were announced today at a news conference. The MTF survey indicates that marijuana use among eighth, tenth, and twelfth
Full Post: Decline in teen marijuana use stalls - trends in cigarette and alcohol use continues to fall
Adolescent health risk behaviors often occur together, suggesting that youth involvement with one risk behavior may inform understanding of other risk behaviors, but in a study to examine the association between involvement in non-sexual risk behaviors and trends among sexual behaviors, Mailman School of Public Health researchers found that sexual behaviors vary considerably between those
Full Post: Trends in sexual behaviors similar for teens who take few health risk and those who take many
The Outdoor Foundation has announced the release of the 2008 Outdoor Recreation Participation Report, the only detailed study of its kind tracking American participation trends in outdoor recreation. The findings highlighted in the report are areas of both opportunity and concern: while overall participation in outdoor recreation among Americans is increasing, the connection to nature
Full Post: Overall recreation among Americans is increasing, although youth participation declining
Tel Aviv University researchers found in several consecutive studies that older dads are more likely to have boys with autism and lower IQs. Most recently, they found that the older a father’s age, the greater the chance that his son will display poor social abilities as a teen. Dr. Mark Weiser from TAU’s Sackler School
Full Post: Study looks at how parental age affects the mental functioning of offspring