Smoking causes bladder cancer

In an article in the journal Nature, Uppsala researcher Martin Brazeau describes the skull and jaws of a fish that lived about 410 million years ago. The study may give important clues to the origin of jawed vertebrates, and thus ultimately our own evolution. Ptomacanthus anglicus was a very early jawed fish that lived in the Devonian

Full Post: Ancient fish provides new piece in the jigsaw puzzle of human origins

The Great American Smokeout is this Thursday, and the American Urological Association (AUA) gives smokers another good reason to quit: Smoking causes bladder cancer.

Only about 33 percent of people know that smoking is a leading risk factor for the disease, according to a new study published in The Journal of Urology, the official journal of the AUA. The American Cancer Society estimates that smokers are twice as likely to get bladder cancer as nonsmokers.

Bladder cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in men and eighth most common in women. About 53,000 men and woman are diagnosed with bladder cancer each year and about 14,000 die annually of the disease. In recent decades, there has been a steady increase in the incidence of bladder cancer. Along with smokers, people who work with dyes, metal, paints, leather, textiles and organic chemicals may be at a 20 to 25 percent higher risk. People who have chronic bladder infections may also be at higher risk.

There are several symptoms of bladder cancer, but painless blood in the urine (hematuria) is the most common. Because blood in the urine can be an indication of other conditions, it is important to seek medical attention. Other symptoms of bladder cancer may include frequent urination and pain upon urination (dysuria).

Bladder cancer can be treated by removing the tumors, administering intravesical chemotherapy and immunotherapy, or cystectomy (complete removal of the bladder). Bladder cancer is most treatable when caught early. The AUA urges patients to talk with their doctors about their risk factors and doctors to not ignore any symptoms they may have. The AUA also joins other organizations in urging smokers to kick the habit.

“A smoker’s bladder is continuously exposed to carcinogenic substances which, over time, can affect the bladder lining and potentially lead to cancer,” said Tomas Griebling, MD, associate professor of urology, vice chair of urology and assistant scientist in the Center on Aging at the University of Kansas School of Medicine in Kansas City. “If the threat of lung cancer isn’t serious enough to inspire a patient to quit smoking, perhaps the thought of losing your bladder to cancer will be.”

Resources Include:

During this important month and throughout the year, the AUA can provide information, statistics and expert commentary on subjects related to bladder health. The AUA can assist in developing related story topics on bladder health, such as:

  • New risk factors for bladder cancer
  • New techniques and technology to treat bladder cancer
  • Life after a cystectomy
  • Treatment options for bladder cancer
  • How to deal with day-to-day incontinence
  • New technologies or products to assist the incontinent

About the American Urological Association: Founded in 1902 and headquartered near Baltimore, Maryland, the American Urological Association is the pre-eminent professional organization for urologists, with more than 16,000 members throughout the world. An educational nonprofit organization, the AUA pursues its mission of fostering the highest standards of urologic care by carrying out a wide variety of programs for members and their patients, including, an award-winning on-line patient education resource, and the American Urological Association Foundation, Inc.


A study published in the December issue of Cancer Prevention Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, suggests that selenium, a trace mineral found in grains, nuts and meats, may aid in the prevention of high-risk bladder cancer. Researchers from Dartmouth Medical School compared selenium levels in 767 individuals newly diagnosed with

Full Post: Selenium may protect from high risk-bladder cancer

More than 15 million Americans, primarily women, suffer from incontinence. About 25 percent of females and 15 percent of males over the age of 65 suffer from incontinence. Incontinence is not a disease; rather, it is a symptom that can be caused by a wide range of conditions, such as urinary tract or vaginal infections,

Full Post: Struggling with incontinence? seek help

An analysis of previous studies indicates that smoking is significantly associated with an increased risk for colorectal cancer and death, according to an article in the December 17 issue of JAMA, the Journal of the American Medical Association. Although tobacco was responsible for approximately 5.4 million deaths in 2005, there are still an estimated 1.3

Full Post: Smoking significantly linked to increased risk for colorectal cancer

Bladder cancer is much more likely to be deadly for women and African-Americans, but the reasons long believed to explain the phenomenon account for only part of the differences for such patients compared to their white and male counterparts, according to results published in the Jan. 1 issue of the journal Cancer. The results present

Full Post: Statistical analysis of bladder cancer

A new study shows that people who are smokers and have a family history of brain aneurysm appear to be significantly more likely to suffer a stroke from a brain aneurysm themselves. The research is published in the December 31, 2008, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology and

Full Post: Smokers with stroke in the family six times more likely to have stroke too