Three studies of bioTheranostics molecular breast cancer diagnostics presented at symposium
Researchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine have identified a potential new target in the war on HIV/AIDS. The information was published in the Jan. 16 issue of the journal Molecular Cell . The study revealed that a variant of a protein involved in HIV pathogenesis can suppress production of an HIV protein, known
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bioTheranostics, a bioMerieux company that discovers, develops and commercializes new molecular diagnostic tests in oncology, reported today findings from three studies using the company’s molecular breast cancer assay to predict risk of disease recurrence in individual patients.
Data from the studies were presented this week at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (SABCS).
The Theros Breast Cancer Index(SM) (BCI) is a combination of Theros H/I(SM) (HOXB13:IL17BR) and Theros MGI(SM) (Molecular Grade Index), two molecular biomarkers that refine and improve risk stratification in patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, lymph node-negative breast cancer.
Data presented at the San Antonio meeting this week provide further evidence that the Theros BCI is a valuable tool for helping oncology medical professionals and patients make information-based decisions regarding breast cancer therapy.
On Thursday, Dennis Sgroi, MD, presented results from a study comparing breast cancer risk recurrence stratification by Oncotype DX versus Theros Breast Cancer Index. Dr. Sgroi and colleagues at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Cancer Center and the Brigham and Womens Hospital, along with colleagues at Indiana University and University of Alabama at Birmingham, looked at tumor samples from 166 estrogen-receptor positive patients for which an Oncotype DX Recurrence Score (RS) of high, intermediate or low was previously reported. The study found that using the combined H/I-MGI biomarkers (Theros BCI) to assess risk recurrence resulted in a smaller intermediate risk group than OncoType Dx (18 percent versus 47 percent, respectively) by re-stratifying a large number of patients with an intermediate Oncotype DX recurrence score into low and high risk groups.
“We know the best way to treat early stage breast cancer patients whose risk recurrence is ‘low’ or ‘high’,” said Dr. Sgroi. “The ability to reduce the number of patients in the ‘intermediate’ group by reclassifying them as either ‘high’ or ‘low’ risk, making risk prediction more specific, should go a long way in helping medical professionals select the most appropriate therapy for each of their patients.”
On Saturday, Matthew Goetz, M.D., from Mayo Clinic and colleagues from Austria presented data examining the predictive utility of CYP2D6 and the prognostic utility of the Theros Breast Cancer Index in women with breast cancer randomized to receive five years of treatment with tamoxifen or two years of tamoxifen followed by three years anastrozole treatment. The researchers found that the Theros Breast Cancer Index will identify, among patients with early stage breast cancer, those with a higher risk of treatment failure when treated only with hormonal therapy. They concluded that the Theros Breast Cancer Index identified approximately 25 percent of grade 1 and grade 2 breast cancers that had a nearly three-fold higher risk for a subsequent recurrence in distant organs.
Finally, data from a study presented on Sunday by Olle Stal, PhD, and colleagues from Linkoping University in Sweden explored the value of the HOXB13 gene in predicting benefit of tamoxifen therapy. Researchers reviewed HOXB13 protein expression in tumor samples from 866 patients with estrogen- receptor positive tumors. Patients whose tumors expressed no or low levels of HOXB13 had a clear benefit from tamoxifen in terms of longer distant recurrence-free survival. Patients with a high or intermediate HOXB13 expression did not experience a distant recurrence-free survival benefit from tamoxifen as compared to untreated patients.
“Data from these studies reinforce clinical and research experience to date which has shown that the Theros Breast Cancer Index is an excellent test for assessing breast cancer risk prognosis and provides valuable information to physicians treating patients, particularly the most common group of ER- positive, node-negative patients,” said Richard Ding, chief executive officer of bioTheranostics. “As suggested by one of the studies presented this week, our test offers additional risk assessment over the leading competitor by providing a more informative picture of the intermediate risk group. We look forward to further expanding and validating this test with both additional research and real-world clinical experience.”
Findings from a new study have prompted Mayo Clinic researchers to recommend CYP2D6 gene testing for postmenopausal women about to begin tamoxifen therapy. This data confirms that women with an inherited deficiency in the CYP2D6 gene, which is important for the metabolism of tamoxifen, have a nearly fourfold higher risk of early breast cancer recurrence
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Two separate meta-analyses of clinical trials from around the world that tested tamoxifen against aromatase inhibitor drugs in postmenopausal women with early breast cancer have each reached the same conclusion: aromatase inhibitors are more effective in preventing breast cancer from coming back. Patients using aromatase inhibitors had more than a 3 percent lower cancer recurrence
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The power of the drug tamoxifen to reduce breast density is key in preventing breast cancer - according to a presentation in America by Cancer Research UK scientists. Researchers monitored the extent to which tamoxifen could reduce breast density in 7000 healthy post menopausal women who are at high risk of breast cancer in a
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Femara showed reduced risk of death by 13% (P=0.08) versus tamoxifen, despite inclusion of patients who had switched over from tamoxifen to Femara during the study period, following the study’s unblinding. In a separate censored analysis excluding patients after they crossed over to Femara, reduction in risk of death was 19% (HR= 0.81, 95%
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Tamoxifen is an effective drug used for the treatment of certain kinds of breast cancer. The doctors also prescribe the drug for women who are at a higher risk for breast cancer. The drug can be taken in empty stomach and also with food. The drug will have its effect only if it is regularly
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