Warning systems can prevent suicide among young men with substance abuse
Having a large waistline can almost double your risk of dying prematurely even if your body mass index is within the ‘normal’ range, according to a new study of over 350,000 people across Europe, published in the New England Journal of Medicine. The study provides strong evidence that storing excess fat around the waist poses
Full Post: A large waistline doubles your risk of premature death
If suicide among young men living with substance abuse is to be prevented it is not enough to focus on the individual client.
A common warning system for paramedics, care centres and social services has to be developed according to Stian Biong, who has defended his thesis at the Nordic School of Public Health in Gothenburg, Sweden.
“If the number of life-threatening overdoses is to be reduced, it will necessitate structural support in the form of political goals and superior controlling”, says Stian Biong. He has worked as a nurse in Oslo for more than 20 years.
“Phenomenon I saw in my work was what made me interested in doing research”, he says.
His thesis Between death as escape and the dream of life- Psychosocial dimensions of health in young men living with substance abuse and suicidal behaviour is mainly based on personal narratives from in-depth interviews with young Norwegian men and emergency care and social services in Oslo. It shows that the system perspective is important at several different levels.
“The Norwegian health personnel act requires cooperation with social welfare services but that is not happening in these cases”, says Stian Biong.
Stian Biong claims that the possibilities for transferring information about an individual in Norway have to be investigated. Sweden has no corresponding legislation. There is however a pronounced political goal, a “zero-vision” when it comes to suicide, that sends clear signals to those in charge and personnel.
Stian Biong is of the opinion that in order for people to be able to work constructively with ethical challenges the system moreover has to make sure that the concerned personnel is given sufficient support in the form of guidance and feed-back.
“Stigmatization and marginalization can be reduced by the language used when describing the group’s problem”, Stian Biong points out.
His results indicate that there is indeed a connection between language, the client’s sense of self and suicidal behaviour.
When your existence is seen as a balance between death as a liberator from pain and the dream of life, the course of events can be affected in a positive way if the individual sees that there are sufficient resources available for receiving economic and social support.
The system perspective also has a cultural aspect, in how masculinity is expressed. The existing ideals in society affect the suicide behaviour of this group.
“It seems as if this is a particular challenge for people with non-western backgrounds”, says Stian Biong.
The reason is because they have to handle different ideals simultaneously. Thesis title: Between death as escape and the dream of life - Psychosocial dimensions of health in young men living with substance abuse and suicidal behaviour
Men and women who have tried to kill themselves and are suffering from unipolar disorder (major depression), bipolar disorder (manic depression) or schizophrenia are at a very high risk of committing suicide within a year of their first attempt, concludes a study published today on bmj.com. This is the first time research has identified a
Full Post: Patients with depressive disorders or schizophrenia more likely to re-attempt suicide
According to new research patients suffering chronic pain are more likely than others to consider suicide. A study by researchers in the United States found this increased risk remained even when the possible effect of mental illness was accounted for and the researchers say it provides further evidence of the need to be aware of
Full Post: Chronic pain makes many sufferers contemplate suicide
Violence against women is a public health problem globally. Knowledge within the health care system about abuse in childhood as a possible cause of illness is limited, and this can lead to misdiagnoses. “The mental symptoms of abused women can be alleviated through discussions in self-help groups run by the participants”, says GullBritt Rahm who
Full Post: Women with sexual trauma from childhood gain strength in self-help groups
Of the 4 million babies born in the United States each year around 11% have been exposed to alcohol or illicit drugs in the womb. The National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare says if they are removed from the home for their protection, these children remain in foster care longer, and the chances
Full Post: Recovery coaches reduce the number of babies exposed to drugs
People with substance abuse disorders cost Medicaid hundreds of millions of dollars annually in medical care, suggesting that early interventions for substance abuse could not only improve outcomes but also save substantial amounts of money, according to a comprehensive study that examined records of nearly 150,000 people in six states. “Substance abuse probably costs Medicaid
Full Post: The impact of substance use disorders on medical expenditures for Medicaid beneficiaries with behavioral health disorders